WASH ME, BUT DON'T WASH ME TO DEATH.
To ensure that textiles look as good as they did on day one, you don't have to do anything but follow the care instructions. In fact, clothes are not worn out due to wearing, but primarily due to so-called care. Examples include colour changes due to laundry detergents containing bleach and brightened edges, e.g. at the collar, due to overfilled washing machines. Last but not least, there are changes in size due to high temperatures during washing and drying.
IT'S ALL THERE!
Just a few seconds really can be decisive when it comes to the lifespan of your garments. Take the time to look at care labels. This is where you'll find all of the information you need at a glance.
SWEAT CAN HAVE A CORROSIVE EFFECT ON COLOURS.
Durability is our strength, but even the best textile quality cannot combat alkaline or acidic solutions. Sweat, particularly in combination with intense UV light, can have a corrosive effect, damaging or even dissolving the dye pigments and quickly leading to unsightly marks and discolorations. That is why it is best to always wash clothing that has been subject to heavy perspiration immediately. You should also never wear the same work shirt for several days in a row.
LOWER TEMPERATURE, LONGER LIFE.
The figure in the middle of the washing symbol shows the recommended maximum temperature at which the garment should be washed. However, in the case of light soiling, 30 degrees or even less is often sufficient because modern laundry detergents are effective even at very low temperatures. This will also protect your budget and the environment.
SOMETIMES HALF FULL IS TWICE AS GOOD.
Please pay particular attention to the line beneath the washing symbol. It stands for delicate cycle which means that the machine should only be loaded to half full. This way, the clothing can move around freely inside the machine and is not subjected to unnecessary abrasion. This protects the clothing and enables the machine to rinse away the dirt more easily.
SORT YOUR LAUNDRY!
Birds of a feather flock together. So make sure to sort your laundry before washing according to fabric, type and light/dark colours. It's better to wash something correctly twice than incorrectly once. If the machine isn't quite full it doesn't really matter. A light load will protect your laundry, prolong the lifespan of the fabrics and be perfectly sustainable.
STRAIGHT INTO THE MACHINE WITH THAT DIRTY WASHING.
Heavily soiled laundry should ideally be washed straightaway. Dried stains are far more difficult to wash out. Please remove coarse dirt such as soil and building materials before washing. Damp items such as sportswear should also go straight into the machine before mould stains form.
LONGER-LASTING LOOKS IN A FLASH.
Yes, it's a bit more work. Nevertheless, you should turn all of your garments inside out before washing. This protects the surfaces of your fabrics, keeping them looking like new for much longer and protecting delicate customisations. Please check the pockets and do up all buttons and zips before starting the wash cycle.
ALL THERE IS TO KNOW ABOUT ALL-PURPOSE DETERGENTS.
They are known as compact, universal or all-purpose laundry detergents and almost always contain bleaching agents or optical brighteners, which do indeed get pure cotton laundry in white or light colours beautifully clean, but also damage all coloured fabrics (including white fabrics made of mixed fibres or synthetics). For coloured textiles you should only use a laundry detergent intended for colours as a matter of principle. Delicate fabrics should be washed with mild detergents or a silk and wool wash. We recommend using only liquid laundry detergents for laundry.
JUST THE RIGHT DOSE OF CLEAN.
Detergent manufacturers spend a long time thinking dirty thoughts when it comes to cleanliness. They develop their dose recommendations based on numerous tests. It's therefore worth taking a look at this. There will be recommended amounts of detergent to use which are exactly right for light, medium and heavy soiling, taking the hardness of your tap water into account. It's always best to follow this guidance precisely. In the case of difficult stains, you may need to apply an additional cautious treatment because simply increasing the dose of detergent will not increase its effects. It will simply damage the textiles and the environment.
FOR THOSE WHO LIKE TO KNOW ALL THE DETAILS.
The parameters for each wash are: temperature, time, mechanics and the chemicals contained in the detergent. These four factors work together to get everything clean in a gentle—or not so gentle—way. So it's important to balance them carefully. Your laundry will thank you for it by lasting longer.
THINK GREEN—WASH AT 30°C.
The lower the temperature the better it is for the environment and for the lifespan of your clothes. Washing at 30°C instead of for example 60°C can save up to 40 percent electricity. This is why HAKRO supports the initiative "THINK GREEN—WASH AT 30°C". Join us!
LET IT ALL HANG OUT.
Take your laundry out of the machine as soon as possible after the spin cycle, give each item a good shake, gently pull it back into shape and hang it on a washing line or drying rack. T-shirts are best dried upside down with the pegs at the ends of the side seams. You can dry light shirts and blouses on clothes hangers.
USE YOUR INTUITION FOR THE TUMBLE DRYER
If you use a tumble dryer, please take care to always dry similar fabrics together and to ensure that the laundry has been spun in the washing machine in accordance with the care labels. Never overload the drum of the tumble dryer. We recommend the "iron dry" setting to protect your fabrics. This way, your laundry will not be over-dried and will be protected from heavy creasing. After drying, hang on the line briefly to air.
THE THING WITH STAINS.
There is a basic difference between water-soluble stains, such as coffee or juice, and stains requiring solvents to lift them, such as fat and oil. Stains are generally composed of a mixture of different substances. The type of fibre material on which it appears is also a decisive factor. So don't treat all stains the same.
Don't panic! In most cases the stain can be removed. The important thing is to approach the thing systematically and with a cool head. There are many household tips and tricks which sadly don't always have the desired effect. If you just randomly try things out, you will usually make things worse. For this reason, we have put together some key information about how you should approach the matter.
One thing is certain: rubbing, scrubbing and spreading will not get rid of that stain. Quite the contrary. Rubbing will damage the surface of the textiles and all you are doing is ensuring that the substance that caused the stain is now penetrating deep into the fibres. It may be the case that the stain comes out in the next wash, but the damage will remain.
Try carefully dabbing at the substance that caused the stain, gently lifting it out of the garment. To do this, lay a soft cloth under the affected part and press on the stain from above with a second soft cloth. Be careful not to rub! You really don't need to because the two cloths will absorb the stain, gently lifting it out. You can then repeat the procedure with a damp cloth. This should leave the surface of the fabric undamaged and the stain somewhat less visible.
GET IT IN THE WASH.
Treat stains quickly and, where possible, do not allow them to dry. This means washing immediately, giving red wine, gravy and carrot juice no time to set on your clothes. If you are dealing with a stubborn stain, give it a further treatment with a stain remover designed for that precise substance.
BEWARE OF THE STAIN DEVIL.
Before treating the stain with household remedies or stain removers, we strongly recommend conducting a patch test first. This means testing the effect of the treatment on an inconspicuous part of the garment. This is the only way to be sure that you will have no nasty surprises when you use it. Always use the treatment precisely as instructed on the packaging. Do not allow it to dry in, wash the item immediately instead.
THE THING WITH STAINS,
Don't panic! In 99% of all cases there is a tried and tested method of removing that stain. So approach it systematically and with a cool head. We have put together a few basic tips for you here. It is important to test out the appropriate stain remover on an inconspicuous part of the clothing beforehand.
GET THAT COFFEE, TEA OR JUICE STAIN OUT.
Water-soluble stains are really no problem for modern detergents, even at low temperatures. However, some types of fruits and drinks contain dyestuffs and tannins which can leave stubborn stains behind. Treat these with pure vinegar or lemon juice after testing on an inconspicuous part of the garment. Even soaking immediately in cold water and carefully working in some gall soap can be very effective on fruit stains.
HOW TO REMOVE OIL AND GREASE.
Most greasy stains on cotton or synthetic fabrics can be easily removed with cornstarch or potato flour. Simply sprinkle evenly over the stain, allow to take effect, brush off and then wash normally. Heavy machine oil can be removed if you carefully rub some soft butter into the stain before washing. Alternatively, you can use the specialist stain removers available in the shops.
WHAT TO DO IF YOUR DEODORANT FAILS.
Deodorants cause unsightly marks, particularly on white fabrics. In this case, it helps to soak the affected parts in water with lemon juice or denture cleaner, then wash normally.
WHAT A NIGHTMARE! PAINT, PEN AND GLUE.
There's no way to avoid specialist stain removers here. Please use them according to manufacturer instructions. You can dab at older stains in cotton fabrics with nail varnish remover and then wash in accordance with the care instructions on the label. But don't forget to test the nail varnish remover in an inconspicuous place beforehand.
KNOW-HOW. REMOVING CANDLE WAX.
First remove the hardened candle wax from the surface of the fabric, then lay the fabric between two double layers of kitchen paper. Now press a warm (not hot) iron on the back of the fabric. The wax will be warmed, melting and being absorbed by the kitchen paper. Then wash the item in the washing machine.